Ill Will

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Vyapada in Pali is usually translated as ill will, harmful intention, maliciousness or wish to injure. The literal meaning of vyapada is striking against or striking out at something. It is motivated by hostility. It manifests as wanting to hurt, attack, push away or turn away from something. Examples of ill will/aversion: anger, fury, rage, hatred, resentment, animosity, annoyance, irritation, …

Sense Desire

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The Pali word for sense/sensory desire is kamacchanda: seeking for pleasure and/or comfort through the five senses of sight, sound, smell, taste and physical sensations. Instructions on cultivating mindfulness of the five hindrances from Satipatthana Sutta (translated by Bhikkhu Analyo): “And how, monks, does he in regard to dhammas abide contemplating dhammas? Here in regard to dhammas he abides contemplating …

Hindrances

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The Pali word for hindrance is nivarana which literally means something that covers over. Instructions on cultivating mindfulness of the five hindrances from Satipatthana Sutta (translated by Bhikkhu Analyo): “And how, monks, does he in regard to dhammas abide contemplating dhammas? Here in regard to dhammas he abides contemplating dhammas in terms of the five hindrances. And how does he …